The Tesla Model Y Performance has panicked our ranking in terms of autonomy. It remains to analyze its performance in terms of recharging.
A sort of Tesla Model 3 size XXL, the Model Y takes up the sedan’s successful recipe. Impressive efficiency, stifling performance and interesting technologies are its hallmarks. Traveling on board is only a formality and sweeps away prejudices about electric cars with a flip of 21-inch rims. We expected no less from this SUV.
During long motorway journeys, there was an average consumption of 21.5 kWh/100 between our networks, or 348 km of autonomy in total. With less wind and less hectic air conditioning, you can very easily consider scratching an additional twenty kilometres. But how is it when traveling, exactly? Answer with this second part offered to the Supertest of this SUV.
Tesla Model Y Performance charging curve: a useful full in 32 minutes
The Tesla Model Y Performance is equipped with a battery of 75 kWh net capacity according to many estimates. It’s no longer a secret. Connected to sufficiently sturdy fast terminals, it can increase up to 250 kW of direct current power. No other electric SUV charges so hard yet. Not even the crossovers (are they SUVs, by the way?) from the Korean group Hyundai-Kia, like the Hyundai Ioniq 5.
But unlike its competitors, the charging curve does not form a plateau at any time. Moreover, during this test, the Model Y never hit the maximum power promised by the brochure, drawing a maximum of 222 kW very briefly at 15% load. The temperature of 37°C that day would have had a detrimental effect on the preconditioned battery? This is one of the only explanations, since the V3 Superchargers are able to deliver all their power regardless of the number of cars connected to the station.
Still, the curve is what it is, and drops dramatically beyond this observed peak. And the values are low: at 50%, the counter displays 107 kW, while only 47 kW remain at 80%! This represents 81.2% less than the announced peak, or 78.8% less than the peak observed that day. For comparison, the Hyundai Ioniq 5 still bottled 114 kW at 80% load. Also, if the battery is not the same, of course, the curve recorded during our exclusive test of the Tesla Model S Long Autonomy showed a more satisfactory form.
In the end, the exercise of the usual 10-80% claimed here 32 minutes of immobilization to the Supercharger. The powers are not exceptional, but the refueling is in the average of the electric chrono market in hand. It then takes 12 minutes more to reach 90%, while charging to 100% requires an additional 20 minutes. In the end, we clocked 65 minutes to go from 10 to 100%.
But that it was not our surprise when performing another full recharge, initially without much conviction, on an Efacec-Allego terminal with a maximum power of 160 kW. The context is – almost – the same: a car that has already driven many kilometers before plugging in, an outside temperature of 34°C and no battery preconditioning has been activated. Again, the maximum power (promise by the terminal) was not reached, climbing to a maximum of 134 kW at 40% load. It was after this long plateau that the curve started to drop, with values a little higher than on the last generation Supercharger. A shame, which sold by 10-80% in 34 minutes! You know the line: ” Without mastering the power is nothing “. The perfect Model/Supercharger symbiosis obviously doesn’t always work
|10 to 80%||80 to 100%||10 to 100%|
|Charging time (in min)||32||33||65|
|Autonomy gained (in km)||244||69||313|
Autonomy recovered: 233 km in 30 minutes
But more than the overall recharge time, it is the autonomy recovered per minute of recharge that matters most when roaming. And with its efficiency and total range of 348 km, the Tesla Model Y Performance puts the church back in the middle of the village. Thus, taking this data into account, it can gain almost 233 km in 30 minutes of recharging. It is just below the Ioniq 5 which does not play in the same court when it comes to charging speed.
|Charging time (in min)||15||30||45||60|
|Autonomy gained (in km)||149||233||278||306|
How much do Tesla Model Y Performance charges cost?
The price of Superchargers is constantly increasing. Now, the national average is €0.50/kWh. This is the price list that is applied to the stations of Avallon and Dardilly, the stages of our reference 500 km journey.
For a recharge of 10 to 80%, the Model Y recovers 54 kWh according to the onboard meter. Or almost 60 kWh on average according to the meter of all other charging stations. On a Supercharger, the type of recharge therefore represents a total amount of €27. Or 11.06 €/100 km according to the autonomy observed on this long journey.
We did not make the necessary top-ups for this trip (see below). However, if we had respected the necessary rate, we paid 28 €. As usual, the price of refueling on arrival to find the starting SoC depends on the charging point. The final cost price could then be between €11.54/100 km (final recharge on Supercharger) and €7.70/100 km (final recharge at home).
Route planner filed: excess of caution
For this Supertest, we were only able to complete one 500 km trip, in the Paris-Lyon direction. Usually we take advantage of this one to carry out recharging tests, we limit ourselves to all the leisure to focus on route planners and setting up a roadmap as quickly as possible on the way back. From then on, we barely changed our stage plan so that we could plug into one of the Superchargers below 10% to establish a curve.
Departing from Porte d’Orléans in Paris with 96% battery, the registered planner was particularly cautious in his estimates. According to him, our first stop was to be made at the Supercharger in Auxerre, where we passed by with 50% charge remaining. Useless, especially since these V2 terminals do not allow you to make the most of the Model Y’s charging capacities.
Finally, it was at the Avallon station that the stop was the most consistent, where we still had 33% battery. An 80% recharge here allows you to reach the Dardilly station in one go, where we have achieved our 10-100% benchmark. Note that the stage could have been much shorter here, since a level of 35% charge would have been sufficient to pass the 500 km mark with 20% charge remaining.
In retrospect, we think we can reach the Beaune Nord station with a SoC between 5 and 10% load. Almost 35 minutes later, we assume we can get back on the road to our destination. With this route plan, we would therefore have saved… 4 minutes of recharging in total. It is insignificant. Of course, this is only a theory, but quite close to reality, since based on our constant measurements throughout the journey.
In the end, according to this diagram, by retaining only the necessary recharge times, we added 39 minutes of immobilization to the 4:18 hours of driving that day. That is a total of 4 h 57 to complete the 500 km of reference. However, it is worth adding here the minutes wasted to reach the Superchargers located outside the motorways, with an average package of 8 minutes, compared to 4 minutes with the stations on the rest areas. This brings the trip to a total of 5:13 hours.
The Tesla planner is very intuitive to use. If in doubt about its estimates, it’s fairly simple to select another Supercharger and find out the charging rate upon arrival. Opposite, the ABRP and Chargemap planners settle on consumptions a little higher than our reality, but also on much faster recharge times with 23 minutes and 18 minutes of recharge respectively, in two times. ABRP chooses the Superchargers of Avallon and Tournus (8 and 15 minutes of stop), while Chargemap provides the Supercharger of Avallon and the Electra station of Beaune (3 and 15 minutes of stop). In short, neither equals Tesla’s registered planner, which however deserves to be contradicted from time to time.
What is the Supertest?
Lovers of numbers and allergic to official data sheets, the Supertest, Automobile-Propre’s new test format, is made for you, gathering specific data during a test in real conditions and according to a transparent and precise protocol. We will add them the Wednesday following the publication of the second part offered to the Tesla Model Y Performance to our summary article allowing to compare the values noted of the models tested, which will make all the value of the section.
If you want to go further, do not hesitate to consult our tests and to exchange with the community on our discussion forum.